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Iranian carpets or Persian Rugs are heavy textile, people make for a wide variety of utilitarian and symbolic purpose. Persian Rugs have been produced in Iran and surrounding areas (which once belonged to the Persian Empire). Carpet weaving is an essential part of Persian culture and art. Within the group of Oriental rugs or Islamic carpets different countries , the Persian carpet obviously stands out. It is because of the variety and elaborateness of its manifold designs that Persian rugs are appropriate for home use, local sale, and export.
Persian Rugs are mostly woven in towns and regional centers like Tabriz, Kerman, Mashhad, Kashan, Isfahan, Nain and Qom. These rugs have their specific techniques of weaving; Using of high-quality materials and also their unique colors and patterns helps achieving this goal. Town manufactures like those of Tabriz play an important historical role in reviving the tradition of carpet weaving.One of the reason of Persian rugs being well-known is that various tribes of Iran use fine wool to weave rugs. Besides, bright and elaborate colors, and specific and traditional patterns play a main role. Nomadic and small village weavers often produce rugs with bolder and sometimes more coarse designs which are the most authentic and traditional rugs of Persia. This is opposed to the artistic, pre-planned designs of the larger workplaces. Gabbeh rugs are the best-known type of carpet from this line of tradition.
The art and craft of carpet weaving has gone through periods of decline during times of political unrest, or under the influence of commercial demands. It particularly suffered from the introduction of synthetic dyes during the second half of the nineteenth century. Carpet weaving still plays a major part in the economy of modern Iran. Modern production is characterized by the following facts: Revival of traditional dyeing with natural dyes. The reintroduction of traditional tribal patterns. The invention of modern and innovative designs, woven in the centuries-old technique. Ancient Greek writers always regard Hand-woven Persian rugs as objects of high artistic and prestige in the history.